|Project Title||DCI – Skills Development for Poverty Reduction (SDPR)|
|Country||Kazakhstan Kyrgyzstan Tajikistan|
|Overall Project Value(EUR)||Not Assigned|
|Project Start – Project End||January 1, 2006–December 31, 2008|
Funding and Implementing Organizations
|Origin of Funding||European Union|
|Implementing Organization / Consortium||
European Training Foundation (ETF)
|Contact / Team Leader / Project Team||
Christine Hemschemeier, Email: Christine.Hemschemeier@etf.europa.eu
Project Summary, Objectives and Results
The transition period in Central Asia caused widespread poverty with over 80% of the population living under the national poverty line in Tajikistan in 1999. Consequently, the countries engaged in the preparation of national plans and measures to reduce poverty including the preparation of Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) in both Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. These strategies addressed the potential role that skills development may have in the reduction of poverty only to a very limited extent and the need for vocational education and training (VET) reform was not mentioned at all. The project contributes directly to two of the overall policy priorities of EU’ s Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI) in Central Asia. These are to reduce poverty and promote closer cooperation within Central Asia. With regard to the first priority, the project will help the countries identify areas to be included in VET system reform which would enable VET organisations to provide training that helps people to improve their livelihoods and at the same time link the development of poverty reduction strategies and VET system reform. With respect to the second priority, the project will bring together three Central Asian countries and foster their cooperation and mutual learning through exchange of experience and joint peer reviews and policy discussions.
The three-year SDPR project had the following three overall aims:
• to enrich the international debate and ensure a place for the ETF in the debate on skills development for poverty reduction with specific transition country experience;
• continue the development of policy thinking within the countries on how to better integrate various poverty reduction initiatives and local development with systemic reforms in VET;
• provide advice to the Commission on how to integrate support to skills development and VET system reform.
|Education Sector||VET (IVET & CVET)|
|Components of the Education Process||Education Management, Education Policy Advice & Development, Institutional strengthening & capacity building, Standards and curriculum development|
|Occupational Field||Not applicable|
|Target Groups||Politicians/decision-makers in economics, labour, employment & education policy, Decision-makers and managers in VET and HE institutions, Developers of standards, programs, curricula etc., Standardisation, Certification, Accreditation Bodies|
Within the countries, the SDPR project was developed as an action policy learning project in 2006-2007. The promotion of policy thinking was to be achieved through local pilot partnerships for skills development created around one vocational school in each country and the close involvement of the policy making authorities at both local and central levels.
The pilot partnership projects in each country were supposed to contribute to promote innovation by: a) seeing VET in a Lifelong Learning (LLL) perspective; b) encouraging systematic and deeper social partnership; c) promoting a proactive responsiveness of vocational school management; d) making better use of existing resources to provide more flexible skills development opportunities; e) promoting adult learning policies; and f) by implementing action policy learning processes in practice.
In 2007, each pilot partnership project was implemented, a series of capacity building events were carried out together with the partnerships, policy workshops were carried out with participation of both the partnership and ministry and regional authorities, a study tour was organised in Portugal, peer learning reviews were carried out in each country and national seminars discussed the experience with a view to developing policy guidelines.
A regional conference was organised in 2008 to share the joint experience. For 2008, additional support was provided both at the policymaker and partnership level to remedy the short duration of the pilot projects and the learning periods.
The project generated development and innovation for international debate, the national policy discussions and for the design of EU interventions. At the same time, it enhanced the ETF’s own understanding of the issues. The project is conceptual in nature and it allowed for extensive thematic discussions within the project team.
Links and Materials
|Link to project relevant data|