|Project Title||Basic Education Textbook Development|
|Project Number||1594-UZB and 1595-UZB(SF)|
|Overall Project Value(EUR)||More than 4 000 000|
|Project Start – Project End||December 17, 1997–June 30, 2003|
Funding and Implementing Organizations
|Origin of Funding||Asian Development Bank (ADB)|
|Implementing Organization / Consortium||
National Bank for Foreign Economic Activity of Uzbekistan
|Contact / Team Leader / Project Team|
Project Summary, Objectives and Results
Uzbekistan inherited a well-developed educational system upon independence from the former Soviet Union in 1991. In basic education there was almost full enrolment. However, the system was inefficient, expensive, and based on Soviet values and labor requirements of a centrally planned economy, which were ill-suited to post-independence needs of a nation in transition. The economic downturn ensuing after the breakup of the former Soviet Union impacted negatively on the education system and on most budget-supported sectors. As a result, basic education was underfunded and underinvested. Lacking essential inputs and operating basically within the old system in terms of curricula, syllabi, and teaching methodologies, the quality of, relevance, and access to basic education became major concerns of the Government.
Before the Basic Education Textbook Development Project (the BETDP), textbooks were outdated, and did not meet emerging needs of a transitional economy, reducing learning achievements. The textbook production system followed a central planning approach that was neither efficient nor cost-effective.
In 1995, the Government had decided to change from Cyrillic to Latin script, requiring the comprehensive rewriting and reprinting of all textbooks. Improving education quality by providing better designed, more durable, and more widely available textbooks produced more efficiently became a priority for the reform of the education sector.
The BETDP aimed to improve the quality and relevance of basic education by increasing the quality, durability, and availability of textbooks and other instructional materials, and enhancing the efficiency of the textbook production system.
Additionally, the BETDP included two associated advisory technical assistance (TA) projects to strengthen the monitoring of educational reforms and improve the cost-effectiveness and efficiency of the education system.
|Education Sector||VET (IVET & CVET)|
|Components of the Education Process||Standards and curriculum development|
|Occupational Field||Not applicable|
|Target Groups||Learners (scholar, student, apprentice etc.)|
The improvements were to be accomplished by (i) developing capacity in curriculum development, textbook writing, and publishing; (ii) providing new Latin-script textbooks in key subject areas; (iii) training classroom teachers to use student-centered teaching methods; (iv) reviewing and strengthening the textbook production system; (v) upgrading equipment for publishing and printing; and (vi) providing high-quality paper and overboard for more durable textbooks.
At appraisal, it was anticipated that the Loan 1595-UZB(SF) would provide about 7.1 million textbooks, teacher guides, 1.68 million library books, and 15,000 kits of classroom teaching aids, and would directly benefit about 3.2 million rural students and 12,000 senior rural teachers.
(i) Capacity building in curriculum development – organized hands-on seminars for curriculum designers for 8 subjects
(ii) Improving the pedagogical quality of the textbooks
(iii) Improving the use of learning materials
(iv) Improving the quality and efficiency of textbooks
(v) Increasing supply of textbooks and learning materials
(vi) Improving durability of textbooks
Links and Materials
|Link to project relevant data|