Basic Education Textbook Development

Project Overview

Project Title Basic Education Textbook Development
Project Number 1594-UZB and 1595-UZB(SF)
Country Uzbekistan
Overall Project Value(EUR) More than 4 000 000
Project Start – Project End December 17, 1997–June 30, 2003
Project Status Closed

Funding and Implementing Organizations

Origin of Funding Asian Development Bank (ADB)
Project Budget(EUR) 14,925,000
Implementing Organization / Consortium

National Bank for Foreign Economic Activity of Uzbekistan
Ministry of Public Education

Contact / Team Leader / Project Team

Project Summary, Objectives and Results

Project Summary

Uzbekistan inherited a well-developed educational system upon independence from the former Soviet Union in 1991. In basic education there was almost full enrolment. However, the system was inefficient, expensive, and based on Soviet values and labor requirements of a centrally planned economy, which were ill-suited to post-independence needs of a nation in transition. The economic downturn ensuing after the breakup of the former Soviet Union impacted negatively on the education system and on most budget-supported sectors. As a result, basic education was underfunded and underinvested. Lacking essential inputs and operating basically within the old system in terms of curricula, syllabi, and teaching methodologies, the quality of, relevance, and access to basic education became major concerns of the Government.

Before the Basic Education Textbook Development Project (the BETDP), textbooks were outdated, and did not meet emerging needs of a transitional economy, reducing learning achievements. The textbook production system followed a central planning approach that was neither efficient nor cost-effective.

In 1995, the Government had decided to change from Cyrillic to Latin script, requiring the comprehensive rewriting and reprinting of all textbooks. Improving education quality by providing better designed, more durable, and more widely available textbooks produced more efficiently became a priority for the reform of the education sector.

Project Objectives

The BETDP aimed to improve the quality and relevance of basic education by increasing the quality, durability, and availability of textbooks and other instructional materials, and enhancing the efficiency of the textbook production system.

Additionally, the BETDP included two associated advisory technical assistance (TA) projects to strengthen the monitoring of educational reforms and improve the cost-effectiveness and efficiency of the education system.

Education Sector VET (IVET & CVET)
Components of the Education Process Standards and curriculum development
Occupational Field Not applicable
Target Groups Learners (scholar, student, apprentice etc.)
Related Projects



The improvements were to be accomplished by (i) developing capacity in curriculum development, textbook writing, and publishing; (ii) providing new Latin-script textbooks in key subject areas; (iii) training classroom teachers to use student-centered teaching methods; (iv) reviewing and strengthening the textbook production system; (v) upgrading equipment for publishing and printing; and (vi) providing high-quality paper and overboard for more durable textbooks.

At appraisal, it was anticipated that the Loan 1595-UZB(SF) would provide about 7.1 million textbooks, teacher guides, 1.68 million library books, and 15,000 kits of classroom teaching aids, and would directly benefit about 3.2 million rural students and 12,000 senior rural teachers.

Project Results

(i) Capacity building in curriculum development – organized hands-on seminars for curriculum designers for 8 subjects

(ii) Improving the pedagogical quality of the textbooks

(iii) Improving the use of learning materials

(iv) Improving the quality and efficiency of textbooks

(v) Increasing supply of textbooks and learning materials

(vi) Improving durability of textbooks

Links and Materials

Link to project relevant data